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Schmerzassessment bei Kindern und Jugendlichen - ein Integratives Review

  • Background. When using pain assessment instruments, questions about external evidence are asked about challenges of individual, internal evidence. However, it is not the result of the pain assessment that is of interest but the individual therapy which follows this. It raises the question of what are the relevant target criteria (endpoints) for the patient in pain assessment and how they can be influenced by the instrument. In the German-speaking landscape, there is a gap in validated pain assessment tools for children and adolescents. Especially for this patient group, a reliable assessment of relevant pain dimensions, as independent as possible of gender and age and without using too many instruments at the same time, is evident. This raises the question of the quality of evidence of German-language pain assessment instruments for children and adolescents, based on patient-relevant outcomes. Method. As part of an integrative review, a systematic literature review will be carried out in the databases Medline / PubMed®, CI-NAHL® and the Cochrane Library. Following a criteria-driven selection procedure, publica-tions on validation studies are reviewed using the publication standard STROBE. The studies included in the review are analyzed based on the GRADE system for diagnostic tests using surrogate endpoints on the indirect evidence quality of this patient-relevant outcomes. Results. 13 study publications were included in the analysis. The Evidence body consists of a few studies with a small sample size. According to the GRADE system, there are many factors that reduce quality. The recommendations for the grading of the overall score, with respect to the target criteria of interest, consist of moderate and, in the case of validity, of low evidence quality for two outcomes. Conclusion. Due to a gap in sufficiently validated, German-speaking pain assessment instruments for the child and adolescence, according to the current state only recommendations for a reduced confidence in the effects of the surrogate endpoints on the patient-relevant results can be given. Sufficient studies on the psychometric quality of the assessment tools are necessary to provide the basis for a meaningful assessment of the overall evidence.

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Metadaten
Verfasserangaben:David Wojahn
URN:urn:nbn:de:0295-opus4-18380
Dokumentart:Bachelor Thesis
Sprache:Deutsch
Jahr der Fertigstellung:2019
Titel verleihende Institution:Evangelische Hochschule Nürnberg
Datum der Freischaltung:30.09.2020
Freies Schlagwort / Tag:Assesmentinstrument; Review
GND-Schlagwort:Schmerz; Anamnese; Diagnose
Seitenzahl:131
DDC-Sachgruppen:600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 610 Medizin, Gesundheit
Zugriffsrecht:Nürnberg, Evang. Hochschule
Hochschulen:Evangelische Hochschule Nürnberg
Lizenz (Deutsch):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International